Artificial insemination with donor sperm (AID)
It is an assisted reproduction technique that is mainly used in infertility cases the woman has at least one ing fallopian tube and the man has severe sperm problems, necessitating the use of semen from a sperm bank.
It can also be used by women who do not have a male partner but would like to have a baby.
When is AID used?
It is mainly used in the following cases:
- Azoospermia (complete absence of sperm in the semen) and inability to obtain viable sperm from the testicle or the sperm duct that connects it to the body's exterior.
- When men have severe fertility problems that cannot be resolved by IVF/ICSI.
- When men have genetic conditions that are likely to be passed on to their children and that cannot be bypassed by embryo ion processes.
- When women are severely sensitive to the Rh factor, have had previous miscarriages as a result, and cannot be treated by other means.
- When women do not have a male partner, whether they are homosexual or would like to raise a child alone.
What are the possibilities of success offered by AID?
In absence of female pathology, the pregnancy rate after an adequate number of cycles of treatment (around 6) can reach 80%.
What are the relevant legal aspects related to AID?
Here are some aspects that can be of interest for users of AID:
- The donation of gametes is anonymous, and so the recipient is not permitted to provide or their donor. The AID user and the children born from the application of this technique have the right to obtain general information on the donor which does not their identity.
- Sperm donors are of legal age, have not received any compensation and have been accepted after the legally established studies have not revealed evidence of diseases that can be transmitted to offspring or the recipient of the gametes, or of seminal alterations.
- The donation must have been made at an officially accredited Sperm Bank.
- The responsibility of donor ion corresponds to the medical team of the Sperm Bank, which must guarantee the fulfilment of the conditions of suitability d by the law. The ion of said donor is made seeking the maximum phenotypic compatibility possible, although it is not possible to guarantee that these characteristics will be present in the newborn.
- The maximum number of pregnancies from a single donor is 6, including their children born by non-assisted reproduction.
- To undergo the treatment, the written consent of the woman and her spouse, if she has one, is d. This consent establishes the legal filiation of the child born, which may not be challenged by any of the signatories after the completion of the technique.